Regional Fisheries Management Organizations: Are They Effective?
One of the greatest challenges for the promotion of contemporary global environmental governance is to ensure the effectiveness of institutions seeking to reduce or solve problems in this new age of the Anthropocene. The management of highly migratory fish stocks, such as tuna, is a good example of the magnitude of this challenge. The Regional Fisheries Management Organizations have emerged to deal with this international fisheries crisis. This chapter is dedicated to study the institutional design of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), the International Comission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tuna (ICCAT), and the Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna (CCSBT), and it discusses how to improve its effectiveness, focused mostly on the role of knowledge and epistemic communities.