Stock assessments are a form of risk assessment, though they are not often referred to as such. They provide quantitative estimates of population status and the associated risk of exceeding biological reference points, such as maximum sustainable yield .
- Cortés E, Brooks EN, Shertzer KW (2015) Risk assessment of cartilaginous fish populations. ICES J Mar Sci 72:1057–1068. doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsu157