About References

References (scientific and technical literature) in the BMIS overview bycatch mitigation and management in oceanic tuna and billfish fisheries (longline, purse seine and gillnet). The bycatch species of interest include seabirds, sea turtles, sharks and rays, and marine mammals. Published and ‘grey literature’ in many formats are covered, including journal articles, meeting papers, infographics, illustrated identification guides, factsheets, videos, books, brochures, etc.

References are categorised and searchable according to the Mitigation Techniques (a list of 25+) or management issues that they focus on. Management Categories include:

  • bycatch threats & interaction rates
  • data harmonization
  • economic analysis
  • E-monitoring
  • fisheries management performance
  • implementation & evaluation of mitigation techniques
  • international & national management schemes
  • policy development & knowledge exchange
  • post-release mortality
  • review & planning workshops
  • species identification & field guides
  • tagging studies

Population-level assessments (PLA) inform bycatch management but are considered separately from the categories above for the purposes of the BMIS. PLA includes studies which describe the status of bycatch populations, as distinguished from those that look at interaction rates. PLA sub-categories are discussed in more detail elsewhere but include: abundance indices; productivity susceptibility analyses; demographic methods; stock assessments; and an open category.

At the references search interface, the user has many options to filter a search. These include: mitigation technique; management category; bycatch species group; fishing gear; year; keyword (use any term, such as author, species scientific name); and collection. Collections are a quick way to browse RFMO scientific meeting papers, e.g., Species ID Guides.For Population Level Assessments (PLA), users can filter by type of PLA, model, stock, or population status. Results can be sorted by year or first author by clicking on the column header.

Copyright and Google Scholar

Where possible, the BMIS provides both an option to download the PDF corresponding to a reference and the url of the website where the PDF can be accessed. In the case of ‘pay-to-view’ journal articles, due to copyright restrictions, only a link to the journal page is provided. However, a Google Scholar link is also provided in such cases. Using this search engine can sometimes turn up free access to PDFs because, for example, authors often publish PDFs of journal articles on personal, academic (e.g. academia.edu or ResearchGate**), or institutional websites. Alternatively, authors may provide PDFs on request.

**sometimes references published as open access via ResearchGate do not show up in a GoogleScholar search, but they can be downloaded directly from the website